The Greeks had three "orders" (or styles) of columns:
The Doric which was the first, then the Ionic, and last the Corinthian. Each order had a specific set of proportions the builders had to follow. Later in history, architects and builders took more liberties with these" orders" and developed a form of "free classical" -styled architecture that we see in many of our Victorian and modern-styled buildings.

Pediments and tympanums also have been handed down through the years as places to put special kinds of ornamentation such as scalloped shingles, sawn scroll-work and bas-relief.

 

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